olurda işiniz düşerse buyrun İNGİLİZCE Tom Sawyer is a boy who is full of adventures. In his world there is an adventure around every corner. Some of his adventures have lead him into some bad situations but with his good heart and bright mind he has gotten out of them. Tom lives with his aunt Polly, his cousin Mary and his bother Sid. One of the first things to happen in the book is a memorable one, the painting of the fence. Tom's aunt Polly made Tom paint her fence on a Saturday as a punishment. Tom just hated the idea of having to work on a Saturday while all of the neighborhood could make fun of and harass him. After Tom tried to trade some of his possessions for a few hours of freedom he had a stroke of genius, instead of him paying people to work for him, he made people pay him to paint. Tom managed this by telling people that it isn't every day that you get a chance to paint a fence and he thought it was fun. He had people begging him to paint by the time that he was finished his story. He would have taken every boy in the town's wealth if he had not run out of paint. On June 17th about the hour of midnight, Tom and his best friend Huck were out in the grave yard trying to get rid of warts, when they witnessed a murder by Injun Joe. At the time Muff Potter was drunk and asleep so Injun Joe blamed the murder him (Muff Potter). They knew if crazy Injun Joe found out they knew, he would for sure kill them. Tom wrote on a wooden board "Huck Finn and Tom Sawyer swear to keep mum about this and they wish they may drop down dead in their tracks if they ever tell and rot", then in their own blood they signed their initials TS and HF. A few days after that incident Tom, Huck and Joe decided to go and become pirates because no one cared for their company anymore. They stole some food and supplies and then they stole a raft and paddled to an island in the middle of the Mississippi River. They stayed and pirated for several days, then they all became so home sick that they could not bear it anymore. The next day Tom, Huck, and Joe showed up for their own funerals and there was much thanks and praise. The next big event in the town was the trial of Muff Potter for the murder in the graveyard. The whole town believed Injun Joe, and poor Muff was sent to a temporary jail cell for a week. At the end of the week he was to be hung unless some one in court had proved him innocent. While Muff was in jail temporarily he was not alone. Every day Tom and Huck would go and talk to him through the jail cell bars and on occasion bring him food. On the last day of court, to everyone's surprise they called Tom Sawyer to the stand. Then the man asked him where he was on the 17th of June he said "In the graveyard". Then when he asked who he saw do it he said with all his courage he said "Muff didn't do it. It was Injun Joe!" and with that Injun Joe jumped out the window and ran away. Tom and Huck decided that they wanted to become rich so they went to go and find buried treasure. Tom and Huck dug under trees all day and night but found nothing, then Tom said that they should go and dig for treasure in a haunted house. They went back two days later and went to a haunted house. Both the boys were scared but they both went inside anyway. The boys dared each other to go upstairs, so of course they went up and looked in closets for treasure but found nothing. Suddenly the boys heard two men talking and then come inside. Both of the boys got down on the floor and then they heard the voice again, it was Injun Joe. Injun Joe and the other man had a bag of money and decided to bury it there. Tom and Huck could hardly contain themselves because they would steal it as soon as Injun Joe left. Injun Joe was digging a hole with his knife when he hit something, it was a box of money. Injun Joe decided to take all of the treasure and hide it in number two under the cross. When Injun Joe and the other man left Tom and Huck were furious because they thought that all of the treasure was rightfully their's. A few days later Becky had her long awaited picnic, and they all went to McDougals cave. Tom showed Becky around and while they were exploring they got lost, with only a small slice of cake to eat that Tom had shoved in his pocket the day before along with several candles. When the town saw they were not in church the next morning they realized that they must have forgotten them. Tom and Becky were too far down for the search party to find with no food left and no candles. Tom and Becky sat by a small stream because they were tired from exploring and had no light. By that time Becky had became ill and it was up to Tom to find the way out. While Tom was looking for a way out he ran into Injun Joe who ran off when he herd Tom yell for help. Tom ran away also because he feared Injun Joe would kill him. Tom did find a way out through a small opening that lead out to the Mississippi River. Tom went back and got Becky and he lead her out of the cave and eventually got her home safely. At the same time that Tom was in the cave with Becky, Huck was watching a tavern where Injun Joe was watching to see if he would lead him to the treasure. When Huck has just about given up, Injun Joe and another man left the tavern with so bags. Huck followed them to Widow Douglas' house and listened in on their plan. Injun Joe was going to hurt Widow Douglas because of what her deceased husband did to him. Once Huck had heard the plan he ran to the Welshman's house and he told the story to him. Old Welshman and his sons went to Widow Douglas's house with their guns and had a shootout with Injun Joe and his partner. In the end no one was hurt and Injun Joe and his partner escaped. A few days later Tom was at Becky's house where everyone was celebrating the return of him and Becky. Becky's father was talking with Tom when he mentioned that he had the entrance on the cave closed off so that no one would ever get lost in it again. Tom's face went totally white. Becky's father asked him what was wrong he said that Injun Joe was still in the cave. Not long after all of the men went to the cave to investigate. They made the gruesome discovery of Injun Joe's body. He had made his way to the gate but he could not get it unlocked, he had starved to death. Tom was finally at ease, and now he was ready to go treasure hunting again. A few days later Tom was allowed to see Huck once again and he brought him up to date on his adventures. Tom told Huck that he knew where the treasure was an now all they had to do was go and get it. Huck agreed to the plan and the both of the gathered the supplies that they needed and then stole a raft. Tom took Huck down the river to the same place where he had gotten out of the cave before and they both went inside. Tom took Huck to the place where he ran into Injun Joe and the started looking for "number two". Not after long Tom and Huck found a roman numeral two written in smoke on the cave wall. Under the number two there was a cross. Tom and Huck were ecstatic, they started to dig and Tom hit some boards. Tom took the boards out, and then a ditch was revealed. Tom and Huck crawled into the ditch and followed it as it turned into a tunnel. At the end of the tunnel there was a cave. In the cave was the money, some food, guns, and some blankets and other clothing. Tom and Huck filled the bags that they had brought with them with the money and got out of the cave. Tom and Huck paddled their raft back home and put their money in a wagon. Tom and Huck then pulled the wagon to Mrs Widow Douglas's house. There they were ushered inside by the old Welshman, and were told to go upstairs and change there cloths. They did so, and when they came down stairs they were informed that the party was for Huck to thank him for saving Widow Douglas' life. During the party Widow Douglas said that Huck was going to live with her and he was going to grow up the way that he should. Then Tom exploded and said that Huck did not need Widow Douglas, because he was rich. At this comment the room burst into laughter. Tom said that he and Huck would prove it and went outside. When Tom and Huck returned they were carrying two large bags. Tom and Huck walked to the table and dumped the bags, they were full of money. Everyone was shocked, Tom and Huck explained their latest adventure and then the money was divided evenly. Both of the boy's money was deposited in a bank, and rationed out to them a dollar and a quarter per week. This is basically how the story ends. TÜRKÇESİ ESER İNCELEME A) 1. Eser Adı: Tom Sawyer 2. Yazarı:Mark Twain 3. Çeviren: Nalan Hızal 4. Türü: Roman 5. Sayfa Sayısı, Fiyatı: 125sf. 2.500.TL 5. Basımevi Ve Tarih: Parıltı Yayıncılık, 2001 6. Boyutları : 13,5x19,5 cm B) 1. Yazarın Hayatı: Mark Twain (1835-1910) Amerikan edebiyatının en tanınmış mizah yazarlarından biridir. Asıl adı Samuel Clemens’tir. Fakir bir kasaba avukatının oğlu idi. 12 yaşındayken Hanibal şehrinin küçük gazetesine çırak olarak girdi. 17 yaşına kadar Missouri eyaletindeki birçok gazetelerde çalıştı. Sonra , Mississippi nehrindeki gemilerde miçoluk aldı, dümenciliğe kadar yükseldi. Sonradan eserlerine geniş konular veren izlenimleri bu bitip tükenmez nehir gezilerinden edindi. Yazılarında kullandığı “Mark Twain” adını da gemicilerin suyu iskandil ederken kullandıkları “mark twain” (iki kulaç) deyiminden almıştır. 1861’de İç Savaş başlayınca, Mark Twain de, kendisi gibi gençlerle birleşerek, Kuzeylilerle savaştı. Savaştan sonra, altın arayıcılara katılarak San Francisco’ya gitti. Maceralarla, yoksulluklarla geçen devrelerden sonra yazarlığa heves etti. “Califonian” adlı dergide çıkan ilk yazıları büyük ilgi gördü. Çoğu, çocukluk, gençlik, anıları olan bu yazılar ince nüktelerle doluydu. Mark Twain, kısa zamanda bol para kazanmaya başladı. Yalnız zenginleri hayatına katılmaktan uzak kalıyor, halk arasında alışa geldiği yaşayışı devam ettiriyordu. Hawaii adalarına, Avrupa’ya Asya’ya geziler yaptı. Yazı ile birlikte, konuşma-konferans şeklindeki mizah türünün de eşsiz bir temsilcisi halinde, hemen bütün Amerika’yı dolaştı. Hayatının son yıllarında ailevi felâketlerle karşılaştı, arkasından iflaslara, altından kalkması zor borçlara sürüklendi, Avrupa’ya çekilip bütün gücü ile yeni eserler yazarak, borçlarını ödedi. Amerika’ya döndüğünde, iyice kuvvetten düşmüş bulunuyordu. Bir süre Bermuda adasında dinlendi. Son günlerin yaklaştığını anlayınca adadan ayrıldı, yurduna döndü, 74 yaşında Redding-Stormfield’de öldü. Sanatı Eserleri Mark Twain’in sade, doğal bir anlatışı vardı. Olayları, yapmacık katmadan, olduğu gibi anlatır. Yormadan düşündüren, güldürürken düşündüren bir gerçekçiliği vardır. Çocukluk, ilk gençlik yıllarının biraz değiştirilmiş hikayesi olan “Tom Sawyer” Amerikan edebiyatının klasik eserlerinin başlıcalarındandır. “Dış Ülkelerde Bir Gezi”, “Mississipi Üzerinde Hayat” gibi büyük kitaplardan başka, kısa yazılarını toplayan bir çok eseri vardır. 2. Özet Hikayede Tom‘un cezadan kurtulmak için herkesi şaşkına çevirecek zeka oyunlarını ve sonunda bunlardan nasıl kurtulduğunu yazıyor. Tom hikayede kendi dünyasında (nehirlerin, ormanların, mağaraların ve adaların dünyasında) bir kahraman gibi yaşar. Tom, Missouri'ye bağlı St. Petersburg köyündeki "haşarı" çocuklardan biridir. Pervasız, tembel, çıldırtıcı ölçüde meraklı olan bir okul çocuğu ve teyzesi Polly Teyze için tam bir baş belasıdır. Bir gün Tom, Huck, Joe herkesten gizli bir plan yapar ve adaya kaçar. Herkes onları öldü sanıp cenaze töreni yapar ama törende ortaya çıkınıca herkes oyun olduğu anlaşılınca herkes onlara karşı tavır alır. Ama Tom ve Huck bu iştende kasabada yaşayan Bayan Douglas’ı öldürmek için plan yapan haydutları ortaya çıkararak kurtulur. Daha sonra haydut Kızılderili Joe’yu hapse atarlar. Ve onun definesinin yerini tek bilenler olarak Tom ve Huck defineyi yerinden çıkarır zengin bir hayat sürerler. 3. Kişiler Tom Sawyer: Haylaz ve yarmazda olan zeki bir çoçuktur. Huckleberry Finn: Mahallenin en haylaz çocuğu olan Huck, Tom’dan eksik bir yanı olmayan mahalle çocukları haricinde kimsenin sevmediği biridir. Polly Teyze:İyi kalpli ama çok sinirli görünen ve yaşlı bir kadındır. Joe:İçine kapanık olan Joe kendi dünyasında korsan olmak isteyen bir çoçuk. 4. Ana Düşünce: Bir çocuğun kahramanlıklarla dolu dünyası. 5. Dili: Türkçe (Çeviri) 5. Genel Yargı: Roman şimdiye kadar okuduğum en harika ve beni çok etkileyen yazıdır. Hikaye sade ve abartılmadan ve güldürürken düşündüren bir yapıda yazılmış ilk daktiloyla yazılan romandır. En büyük özelliği gerçeğin kağıda dökümüdür.